A politico-economic approach has thus far dominated studies of reunification. It is certain that Korean reunification cannot be achieved without a resolution of political and economic issues. The need for a politico-economic approach cannot be overemphasized. However, if we are to learn from the case of Germany, we must grant that the problem of social and cultural integration is just as important as political and economic unification. Social and cultural factors can play a significant role in South-North reunification. This is because social members’ values and attitudes, as much as politico-economic dimensions, exert crucial influence on reunification A socio-cultural approach is crucial to both the accommodation of various views on reunification and a consistent reunification policy. We need to replace the current political and economic approach that both sides have been using with efforts to include the demands of a varied and pluralistic society. The usefulness of a socio-cultural approach is that it is not only conducive to the preparation for reunification, but also acts as a mediator between the reunification consciousnesses of different generations, groups, and individuals.
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